Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing in the Territorial Waters of Somalia
It is difficult to estimate the losses that foreign illegal vessels cause in Somalia. Annual estimates range from us$ 100 million to over us$450 million. In addition to loss in revenue, illegal…
Rangeland Management Plan for Improving Natural Resource Governance in Puntland State of Somalia
Puntland State is part of federal Somalia and it is located between Ethiopia and northwest regions (Somaliland) to the west, Indian Ocean to the east, Gulf of Aden to the north and south-central regions of Somalia to the south, between 6o N and 120 N and 15o E and 450 E. The total area of Puntland is 212,510 km2, which is roughly two-third of Somalia’s geographic area and it has a coastline of 1640 km stretching Laasqoray in the Gulf of Aden to Gara’ad in the Indian Ocean.
Development of a Bulk LPG Import and Distribution Business in Puntland and Somaliland
A very large proportion of the population in developing countries across the world, including those in the Horn of Africa, are highly dependent on bio-mass fuels for cooking and kerosene for cooking and lighting. Bio-mass fuels consist of dried animal waste, wood and charcoal, which are often burned inefficiently in ‘open’ fires. In cases where primitive stoves are used, which of course require a cash outlay, efficiency is improved but is still very low compared to alternatives. The main alternative fuel in many countries is kerosene, which is used with reasonable efficiency in cooking stoves and lamps. This fuel can be distributed and used efficiently and safely. Its cost is driven by the price of jet fuel – essentially an identical product – in international markets. In general, import and distribution of jet fuel and domestic kerosene through segregated logistics systems cannot be justified on economic grounds; therefore, in the interests of efficiency, product meeting international jet fuel specification (relatively high volume) is typically delivered into markets as domestic kerosene (relatively low volume). In many countries, the domestic market price of kerosene is subsidized to encourage its use instead of wood/ charcoal.Download
The Rapid Value Chain Assessment Of Adeso’s Rangeland Management Project (RMP) in Puntland
The Puntland State of Somalia (PSS) is a semi-autonomous state within the larger Republic of Somalia, which is still emerging from the one of Africa’s longest running civil wars. Its people face numerous challenges relating to enormous and urgent social and economic recovery as well as the need to mitigate the risks of both human-inspired and natural crises, which further impact on its development prospects. The state is the grips of debilitating environmental degradation with a largely fragile ecosystem owing to widespread charcoal production, general deforestation, soil and gully erosion. These have resulted in the disappearance of water catchments, prolonged droughts, lack of water, diseases, poor soil fertility, desertification, famine and reduced livelihood opportunities. (more…)Download